Prehistory of Sulu

Stone Age (c. 50,000 - c. 500 BC)

New Stone Age (c.5,900 - c. 5,220 BC)
"Then on the island of Sanga-Sanga, in the southern end of the Sulu Archipelago, a cave was found at the inner edge of a small cove. The cave was used by human habitation between 5,900 and 5,220 years before the birth of Christ. On the cave floor were debitage of living in a marine enviornment: tons of shells broken open; Palaeolithic types of tool knapped from obsidian, volcanic stuff, andesite, cryptocrystalline quartz and silicified wood; tools made from bone; and an adze made from the thick hinge of the Tridacna gisas, the giant clam."[1]

"The oldest in the region of Southeast Asia is from the 13th millennium B.C., and the Sanga-Sanga cave pottery was among the first pottery to appear in the Philippines. It is the first true sign of an attempt by humans in this part of the world to consciously include, on a wholly pragmatic object, an imprint of what lifts humans above the beasts. It is highly probable that plain pottery would have appeared ahead since the hematite-covered shard was in a fully developed pottery complex. The thin film of red iron oxide, now called slip by experts, was a solution of red clay that contrasted with the biscuit color of the vessel. The slip was then applied by painting surfaces or by dipping an entire piece into the solution."[2]

"Shell tools were ... found in Balobok rock shelter, Sanga-Sanga, Tawi-Tawi. ... Those recovered in Palawan and Sanga-Sanga, Tawi-Tawi were similar to those in the Pacific specially Micronesia and Ryukyu group of islands and in Okinawa, Southern Japan. The use of polished stone tools persisted until the Metal Age." [3]

Early Metal Age (c. 500 BC - c. 1 AD)

[1] Excerpt taken from The Tinge of Red: Prehistory of Arts in the Philippines by Dr. Jesus T. Peralta, 2003 edition, published by Anvil Publishing, Inc.
[2] ibid
Prehistory of the Philippines -

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