List of Sulu Sultan accroding to Dr Najeeb Saleeby and Cesar Adib Majul

There is no doubt that Sayyid Abu Bakr (regnal name Sultan Sharif ul-Hashim) established the Sulu sultanate and became its first sultan. As there is also no doubt that political sovereignty of the sultanate ended with Sultan Jamalul Kiram II. What is not clear, as there are claims and counter-claims among dynastic families over centuries, is as to how many sultans were there between the two of them.

Among the dominant dynastic quarrels are those between the Patikul and Maimbung royals. The list below have thirty-two (32) sultans. However, given the dynastic quarrels, there can be more "competing sultans and reigns".

The list below is one provided by Cesar Adib Majul in his paper "An Analysis of the "Genealogy of Sulu"" (Majul Cesar Adib. An Analysis of the "Genealogy of Sulu". In: Archipel, volume 22, 1981. pp. 167-182; doi : 10.3406/arch.1981.1677 This paper was prepared for a "Filipino Muslim History and Culture Seminar-Workshop", Department of History, College of Arts and Sciences, University of the East, Manila, October 20, 1977. 

In his paper Majul was indebted to "Dr. Najeeb Saleeby for the collection, translation, and publication of many tarsilas from Sulu and Mindanao- in the first decade of this century. We owe Saleeby even more, considering that many of these documents had been burnt or lost during the last days of the Japanese Occupation in 1945. This especially holds true for the Sulu documents belonging to the Kiram family and Haji Buto 'Abdul Bâqî of Sulu." Therefore, the list below represents this perspective.

1. Sultan Sharïf ul-Hâshim (Sayyid Abu Bakr)

2. Sultan Kamâl ud-Dïn

3. Sultan 'Alà ud-Dïn

4. Sultan Amîr ul-'Umarâ (Maharaja di Raja)

5. Sultan Mu'izz ul-Mutawadi'ïn (Maharaja Upo)

6. Sultan Nâsir .ud-Dïn I (Digunung, Halbud)

7. Sultan. Muhammad ul-Halîm (Pangiran Buddiman)

8. Sultan Batara Shah (Pangiran Tengah)

9. Sultan Muwallil Wasït (Raja Bongsu)

10. Sultan Nâsir ud-Dïn II (Pangiran Sarikula)

11. Sultan Salâh ud-Dïn Bakhtiar (Pangiran Bactial)

12. Sultan 'AU Shah 13. Sultan Nûr ul-'Azam

14. Siultan Al Haqunu Ibn Walïyul-Ahad

15. Sultan Shahàb ud-Dïn

16. Sultan Mustafâ Shafï ud-Dïn

17. Sultan Badar ud-Dïn I

18. Sultan Nasr ud-Dïn (Datu Sabdula)

19. Sultan 'Azïm-ud-Dïn (Datu Bantalan

20. Sultan Mu'izz ud-Dïn (Datu Bantalan)

21. Sultan Muhammad Isra'ïl

22. Sultan 'Azïm ud-Dïn II (Alimudin II)

23. Sultan Sharaf ud-Dïn (Datu Salapudin)

24. Sultan 'Azïm ud-Dïn III (Alimudin III)

25. Sultan 'Ali ud-Dïn

26. Sultan Shâkirullah (Datu Sakilan)

27. Sultan Jamâl ul-Kirâm I

28. Sultan Muhammad Fadl (Pulalun)

29. Sultan Jamâl ul-Azam

30. Sultan Badar ud-Dïn II

31. Sultan Hàrun ar-Rashïd

32. Sultan Jamâl ul-Kirâm II (died in 1936)

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